Are you an American citizen thinking about living in Italy or applying for Italian citizenship? If so, you’ll need to understand the ins and outs of the Italian Codice Fiscale. Here’s everything you need to know.


What is the Italian Codice Fiscale?

If you’ve started researching about living in Italy, you’ve probably come across the term Codice Fiscale. It might sound complicated, but you’re already familiar with a similar concept – the Social Security Number (SSN). The Codice Fiscale in Italy serves a similar purpose to the SSN in the United States.

Composed of 16 characters, the Codice Fiscale provides crucial information about you, including:

  • Full name;
  • Date of birth;
  • Gender; and
  • Place of birth.


Understanding the Italian Codice Fiscale: Its Purpose and How It’s Composed

With your Codice Fiscale, you can open bank accounts, access healthcare, obtain an identity card, and most importantly, establish residence agreements, whether you’re renting or buying. It’s also necessary for employment, making it a must-have document for anyone planning to live in Italy. Essentially, it’s a fiscal identifier needed for all transactions and dealings.


Who Can Apply for the Codice Fiscale?

Everyone! The Codice Fiscale is not exclusive to Italian citizens. It isn’t even mandatory for obtaining a passport. However, it becomes necessary when a foreigner, or an Italian living abroad, decides to reside in Italy, even temporarily. The Codice Fiscale is issued by the Agenzia delle Entrate, and its issuance is entirely free!

You’ll also need to apply for a Codice Fiscale if you plan to enroll in the Servizio Sanitario Nazionale (SSN), Italy’s National Health Service. To do this, you’ll need to have a residence permit in hand.


How is the Codice Fiscale Issued?

Fortunately, you don’t need to be in Italy to obtain your CF. You can apply for this document right from the United States, through the Italian Consulates.

To apply, you’ll need to email the relevant consulate with the necessary documents attached. It’s crucial that the applicant themselves send the application, as third-party requests are not accepted.


Required Documents

Here’s a list of the necessary documents for the issuance of the Codice Fiscale:

  1. Codice Fiscale request form: This should be filled out correctly, preferably on a computer, dated and hand-signed.
  2. Copy of the applicant’s passport: Preferably, your Italian document should be valid, containing personal data and signature. If you don’t have a passport, you can present a valid Italian or American ID.
  3. Copy of a recent proof of residence in the applicant’s name.

For more information, visit the consulate’s website.


Obtaining the Codice Fiscale in Italy

If you’re already in Italy, the process changes slightly. You’ll need to go to the nearest Agenzia delle Entrate office, akin to the Internal Revenue Service in the United States.

After presenting all the necessary information and confirmation, the CF will be mailed to your Italian address. Like the process in the U.S., the applicant must personally go to the institution and request the document.



The Codice Fiscale is an essential document for anyone planning a move to Italy, serving as a key to unlock various aspects of life, from banking to healthcare access. Despite seeming complex, obtaining this unique identifier is a straightforward process that is free of charge and accessible to both Italian and foreign nationals, including Americans.

Whether you’re seeking dual citizenship, job opportunities, or simply yearning for the Italian lifestyle, obtaining your Codice Fiscale is a crucial first step towards realizing your Italian dream. Remember, as you navigate this process, our expert team is always here to assist, helping to make your journey as smooth as possible.